Neuropathy is a general term signifying disruptions in the regular performance of the peripheral nerves. The reasons for neuropathy are diverse therefore is the treatment. Many a times, the neuropathy is practically irreparable and the treatment is generally focused on preventing more development of the nerve damage and other encouraging procedures to avoid any issues due to neuropathy.
Neuropathies due to dietary shortages are primarily treated with the replenishment of the deficient nutrient. Neuropathies due to shortage of vitamins like cobalamin, thiamine, pyridoxine, niacin are dealt with by providing the vitamin supplements orally or by intramuscular injection of the vitamin if deficiency is due to defective absorption of vitamins from the diet. Treatment may or may not completely reverse the neuropathy and alleviate the symptoms and oftentimes there is some irreversible damage to nerves and relentless signs in spite of treatment. Recently neuropathy due to copper deficiency has also been discovered. It too is treated with oral copper salts or intravenous injection of copper salts. Once again the action varies and might take lots of months.
Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are treated based on particular cause and the nerve included. Once again, each neuropathy is distinct and treatment is variable.
The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other diseases is the treatment of the primary illness triggering the neuropathy. If neuropathy is due to Myxedema, brought on by lack of thyroid hormonal agent, then treatment is replacing the thyroid hormonal agent. Treatment of Diabetic Neuropathy is generally helpful. In diabetic neuropathies, some types like Mononeuropathies are reversible but most are irreversible. Strict control of blood glucose levels to slow the additional progression is of paramount value. Other treatment is based upon the symptoms, like pain is handled with NSAID and lots of other drugs. Likewise the neuropathy connected with Rheumatoid Arthritis often reacts to the treatment of Rheumatoid arthritis (with immunomodulators).
Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergy is preventing the irritant food item causing neuropathy. There might be some specific treatment in certain cases, like neuropathy due to isoniazid can generally be avoided by providing pyridoxine along with it.
Many a times, the neuropathy is nearly permanent and the treatment is primarily focused on preventing more progression of the nerve damage and other supportive procedures to avoid any problems due to neuropathy.
Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are treated based on particular cause and the nerve involved. The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other diseases is the treatment more info of the main illness causing the neuropathy. Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergic reaction is preventing the allergen food item triggering neuropathy.